Category Archives: General Studies (Mains)

Preparing for General Studies Paper 3 (Mains Examination)

In this post, we list out the sources for various topics in General Studies Paper 3, followed by a discussion on approach towards various topics.

Topic Broad Classification Source
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Economics Any standard book on Indian Economy, Uma Kapila etc.
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. Economics Sriram notes
Government Budgeting Economics Economic Survey of India
Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. Agriculture Shankar IAS academy book on the subject
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing. Agriculture Shankar IAS academy book on the subject, Sriram notes
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management. Agriculture Shankar IAS academy book on the subject, Mrunal
Land reforms in India. Agriculture Shankar IAS academy, Sriram notes
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Economics Uma Kapila
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc. Economics Sriram notes, GKtoday
Investment models. Economics Gktoday
Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. S&T Self prepared notes on topics mentioned on Gktoday’s science and technology section on the website, Youtube videos
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. S&T Sriram notes, Youtube videos on related topics
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Environment Shankar IAS academy, Mrunal
Disaster and disaster management. DM Sriram notes, ARC
Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Security Self prepared notes, Shankar IAS academy
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. Security Self prepared notes, Shankar IAS academy, IDSA book
Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security Security Newspaper articles, IDSA book (read below for link) free ebook available for download
Money-laundering and its prevention. Security Sriram notes, Shankar IAS academy
Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Security Sriram notes, Shankar IAS academy
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate Security Sriram notes, Shankar IAS academy, Internet website of security agencies


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Preparing for General Studies Paper 2 (Mains Examination)

This post is written by Avi Prasad (CSE 2013, Rank 13) and Riju Bafna (CSE 2013, Rank 77). Your queries can be submitted in the comment column below.

Preparing for General Studies Paper 2 (Mains Examination)

Governance, Constitution and Polity

Topic Source
Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Basic book may be Laxmikant and the bare Act. Read newspaper articles on constitutional issues is a must. For instance, Keshvananda Bharti case (which recently completed 40 years) makes probable a question on evolution of basic structure doctrine over the years.
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Laxmikant, along with relevant newspaper articles. Also useful to go through latest Finance Commission reports (summary should be sufficient)
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Read about Lok Adalats, Alternate Dispute Redressal mechanism, Executive-Judiciary relationship, judicial activism. These can be done through articles in The Hindu and Indian Express.
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries. Civil Services Times published a summary of constitutions of major countries in 2013. It may be available in the market as photocopy.
Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. In addition to Laxmikant, one can follow the website of parliament of India which has an FAQ section on parliamentary procedure and associated terminology. If possible, one can go through Constitution of India by MP Jain which has a chapter on Parliamentary privileges.
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. We relied on the online coaching material provided by GK today for the pressure group, NGO part. For structure of GOI, Polity portion of India Year Book is best source.
Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act. Election commission website and notes by GK today. Sriram Coaching also has decent notes on this.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Just read all the relevant articles of the bare ACT of the Constitution.
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies. Sriram and GKtoday
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures Relevant 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission report and Shankar IAS academy book on subject
Role of civil services in a democracy. Any coaching material notes/ articles from newspapers

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